The Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED) is focused on research doctorates. Typically, a degree is included as a research doctorate if the degree requires
the completion of a dissertation or equivalent project of original work (e.g. musical composition) and is not primarily intended as a degree for the
practice of a profession. The PhD is the most common research doctorate degree. Recipients of professional or practitioner/applied doctorates – including
the MD, DDS, JD, PsyD, DMin, PharmD and DPH degrees – are NOT included in the SED. However, in some institutions, there are some doctoral degree programs
that may be equivalent to the PhD, such as the Doctor of Science, Doctor of Engineering, and the Doctor of Education; these should be included in the SED
ONLY if the National Science Foundation has determined that these particular degrees at your institution are research degrees.